Snakes have a long, narrow body. Their internal organs are designed to fit their narrow and long physique. Snakes have only one functioning lung, so it is vital that their environment is clean and not contaminated.
An interesting fact to know; to find out how many “vertabreas” the snake has, it is possible to count the number of belly scales. Usually there’ll be a brand new scale for every vertebrea. It’s jaw is evolved so that the snake can consume prey many times its size. The bottom part of the jaw isn’t locked together, like it is in most other animals, but it can be split into two parts. In this manner its mouth can open up, swallow the victim, and then yank its jaw together again. After the snake does so, it looks like it’s yawning, opening the mouth up wide and shutting it again.
Their vision isn’t awesome, they don’t see like we do; rather they view heat and moves. They also don’t hear anything but very low frequencies, so speaking to a snake won’t work. You can shout your lungs out, the snake can’t hear you. It will however feel the vibration, so stomping your feet on the ground will certainly get its attention. If you’ve ever seen a cobra stung by someone playing a flute, then you can make certain that the man is stomping his foot on the ground or similar, as the snake would not listen to the flute.
During mating only one will actually carry semen. With young snakes you can sex the snakes by “popping” them. That means that to check for a man you pop out the hemipenes by applying pressure to the bottom of the tail. If done wrong this may damage the snake and make it infertile, so you should always have someone explain to you how to do it before attempting. This can’t be carried out with other then quite young snakes. The males are usually a bit wider around the port area before the tail churns down fast (because of the hemipenes inside), while in the females the tail churns down more evenly. But this can be quite tricky to see with the naked eye, so the best way to sex a snake would be by “probing”. Probing is the process where you stick a probe to the snake’s vent and see how far in it moves until you meet resistance. In males the hemipenes make the probe go in further then in the feminine.
In regards to birth, snakes aren’t good parents. The dads are completely absent, he impregnates then leaves the female. The female then either sets her eggs, or has live babies. Pythons and corn snakes lay eggs, while boas have live babies. Some snakes lay on top of their eggs until they hatch, really regulating the temperature for them, whereas others such as the corn snake just lays them and leaves. This could be natures way of regulating the snake population, because a snake can have a lot of babies! However, with no help from the parents most do not make it. For these it is really survival of the fittest, but also a great deal of luck!
Skin and Shedding
Snakes aren’t worms!
Their skin is built up by scales, which help the snake’s motion by grasping the surface. As new cells grow under the snake’s skin, the new cells push the old cells upward, creating a transparent skin. After the snake grows along with the upper layer of skin is being pushed even farther, the snake undergo a process of shedding.
The shedding has several stages; first the skin gets tough and the snake’s belly usually turns pinkish. Then its eyes hit the “opaque” point, its eyes turns blue and the snake is basically blind for a couple of days. This is because the snake is shedding the coating over its eyes. Then the snake begins looking normal again, and it’s very hard to find that it is shedding. Next thing is to rub its skin contrary to the surface, rocks etc, to push off the skin from head to tail. It appears like a sock thats pulled off, ending up inside out. The snake’s skin will come off in one piece. Young snakes shed often; each month or 2. When they get old their shedding rate decreases, and they shed less. Although they do the majority of their growing from the first two or three years, snakes never quit growing. Mature snakes shed a couple of times annually. Shedding is also quite important in eliminating parasites.
Snakes can now be found around the world, the only place there are no snakes is from the inland area. They are such elastic animals, there simply is not any comparison to their achievement. The list can go on and on.
Snakes in cooler regions typically go into a sort of hibernation throughout the wintertime, known as brumation. Each of the body works are all intact and the snake even moves around a little bit. Usually the snake chooses a place underground, so that it can stay as hot as possible during winter. Almost every snake that resides in an area with cool temperatures throughout winter brumates, otherwise it would not survive.
There are various places where snakes which are not native to the region have been introduced, and now they’re thriving. In many cases this proves a true obstacle to the natural ecosystem, as the new snakes push other species out, or the simple fact that humans don’t want them there. That is why people who have snakes, can’t go to the park and then drop them off! I cannot stress this enough, just watch what has happened in the Everglades in Florida. Instead let Cost of Raccoon Trapping handle them! Now there are anacondas and reticulated pythons breeding in an area where they do not belong, because careless owners who were faced with snakes they couldn’t manage or didn’t need let them loose. These kinds of actions can have deadly consequences.
Most eat rodents; rats, rodents, rabbits, gerbils etc.. The very big species can eat pretty much everything from hippos to crocs.
Snakes are amazing concerning patience, they can lay in one place for days, just waiting for a prey to pass by. If a prey comes by, the snake will use its assault method, while it is constriction or venom, to kill it.
Snakes can’t taste anything, and do not chew. There is more about how snakes are able to swallow a prey many times its size from the body section, but basically its bottom jaw gets separated in two while eating, and muscle movements help the snake consume. The teeth are pointed towards the rear of its mouth, so when a prey is bitten it’s extremely difficult for it to escape. It’s so clever, and so simple. Anyone who has ever been bitten by a snake, understands that attempting to pull the finger from it’s mouth rarely works. To get your finger loose, you truly have to push it further in the mouth to get loose from the grip, and then open the mouth and your own free.
If the prey poses no danger, such as a pinkie mouse, the snake will usually not bother to waste energy murdering it, but instead swallows it alive.
After the snake has eaten, it is time for it to digest its food. This is very important and the snake cannot be bothered in this process. This procedure usually takes around 48 hours, and whether the snake feels threatened, the victim is too large, or so the weather is not warm enough it will regurgitate (throw up). Regurgitation is a significant thing for all snakes, their systems basically gets flipped upside down. The best thing to do following a regurge would be to wait at least ten days before attempting to feed again. How frequently a snake eats varies from specie to specie. Frequently the males (sometimes females) quickly eat around breeding season no matter if they actually breed or not. Snakes might likewise not eat if they’re shedding.